IDAHOBiT, 17. maj
IDAHOBiT stands for International Day Against Homophobia, Biphobia and Transphobia, it explores and campaigns against discrimination based around ones sexuality and gender identity.
From the years 1948-1990 the World Health Organization (WHO) considered homosexuality as a mental health disorder. On 17th May 1990 WHO decided to declassify homosexuality as an illness.
The International Day Against Homophobia (IDAHO) was established in 2004 to draw attention to the violence and discrimination that LGBT communities face around the world. A year long campaign culminated on May 17, 2005. Activities for the day took place in many countries, including Congo, China and Bulgaria where the first LGBT events ever took place.
In 2009, transphobia was added to the name of the campaign and activities, which in that year focused mainly on transphobia to recognize different issues between sexual orientation and gender expression. On May 16, 2009 France became the first country in the world to remove transsexuality from its list of illnesses.
Biphobia was added in 2015 to acknowledge the specific issues faced by bisexual people. The acronym changed into IDAHOBIT, which is mostly used in English-speaking countries.
The International Day Against Homophobia, Biphobia and Transphobia is celebrated in more than 130 countries, including 37 where same-sex acts are illegal. Around the world there is still at least 10 countries where a person can be sentenced to death for being in a same-sex relationship and in 81 countries people can be imprisoned and tortured for the same reasons.
The aim of the day is to coordinate international events that raise awareness of LGBT rights violations and interests towards LGBT rights work worldwide. It is meant to be a unifying event since a large number of activities take place on that day and to encourage people to understand sexual diversity.
IDAHOBit is important because many people have difficulty living with a sexual orientation or gender identity that is different from the majority. The suicide rate among gay youth is much higher than among their heterosexual peers, and the amount of trans people who end up killing themselves are devastating. Many LGBT people still live in secrecy and in fear of rejection.